We understand that although clean water is important to everyone, we aren’t all technically minded. In the interest of informing consumers, we have attempted to answer some questions you may have so you can be sure you are buying the system best suited for you and your family. Please reach out to our staff if you have any additional questions.
How is hard water treated?
- Cation exchange softening inorganic, carbonaceous, or organic base exchangers. (Residential and Commercial Use)
- Membrane separation softeningNano filtration (Commercial Use)
- Chemical softening lime softening, hot and cold; lime-soda softening. (Commercial Use)
How does a water softener work?
Can water be too pure to be good for you?
We now know the real functions of water in the human body… It is the H2O in water and not the dissolved and suspended minerals and other constituents that carry out these functions.
Highly purified (distilled) water is believed by some to help “cure” arthritis by “washing out” excess calcium and other minerals from deposits in joints. Along with this reasoning, some people speculate that drinking highly purified water, treated by distillation, reverse osmosis, or deionization, “leaches” minerals from the body and thus causes mineral deficiencies with subsequent ill health effects.
Salts and minerals are not “leached” from the human body; they are preferentially retained or excreted, either of these events occurring relative to whether or not one is surfeit in water or salt or both. In short, the human body is not a lead or copper pipe which “leaches” in the presence of purified water.
U.S. EPA’s Dr. Edward V. Ohanian, Chief of Human Risk Assessment Branch wrote,
Drinking water supplies a number of minerals that are important to human health. However, drinking water is normally a minor source of these minerals. Typically, the diet is a major source of these beneficial minerals. I am not aware of any data adequate to support the conclusion that water with low levels of minerals is unsafe.
The U.S. Navy has used distilled water with less than three ppm aboard ship for more than 40 years. Surface ships while on shore take water from shore sources, but it is common for submarines to provided nothing but purified water for months at a time, all with no reported ill effects. This was confirmed with separate sources at the David Taylor Research Center in Annapolis, the Naval Sea Systems Command, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, and the Navy Environmental Health Center. Finally the Surgeon General directed the Navy to address the subject formally in 1972. The conclusion was that drinking distilled water was not harmful.
The U.S. Army uses reverse osmosis units to provide drinking water for soldiers in the field. They do not consider low TDS water to be a problem and have no minimum standard.
Several other field tests and information including a mention from NASA, are cited.
In conclusion, the field experiences cited suggest that there are no long-term ill health effects, specifically the mineral leaching from human tissue, due to the consumption of low TDS water.
Don’t water softeners add salt to the water?
Are there different types of well water?
What are the reasons for using water softener?
- Allows soap and shampoo to lather more effectively. You can use up to 75% less product and save money.
- Natural, chemical-free healthy soaps and laundering agents are more effective with soft water.
- Clothes last up to 30% longer when washed in soft water.
- Dishes, silverware and glassware get cleaner and shinier with soft water.
- Water treated by a water softener results in hair and skin feeling softer and cleaner.
- The elimination of the soap curd created by hard water drastically reduces time spent on laborious scrubbing.
- Fabrics are softer, last longer and stay brighter without becoming the dingy gray color caused by hard water.
- Soft water extends the life of appliances including dishwashers, washing machines and even coffeemakers. A water heater that uses soft water will decrease in its annual energy cost by as much as 29%.
Can the water softener’s discharge from regeneration hurt my septic system or drainfield?
Is soft water safe for plants?
For outside sprinkling purposes, the use of softened water, for economy reasons, is not recommended unless necessary to prevent iron stains on buildings and concrete. Again, where the concentration of hardness minerals is heavy, the sodium salts replacing them might retard growth and might be sufficient to kill the grass.
What are the common acronyms I should know to understand the systems?
- GAC Granulated Activated Carbon
- GPD Gallons Per Day
- GPG Grains Per Gallon
- PPM Parts Per Million
- PSI Pounds per Square Inch
- TDS Total Dissolved Solids
- WQA Water Quality Association